Understanding breast health starts with knowing what’s normal for your body and when to see your doctor. Here are five must-know facts about breast health by Kofikrom Pharmacy Limited
1. Hormonal changes can cause breast pain
It’s normal for changes in hormone levels to cause tenderness, swelling or lumps in your breast tissue, especially just before or during your menstrual cycle. People undergoing hormone replacement therapy or those using hormonal treatments for contraception may also experience these changes.
2. Lumps and cysts are common
Breast lumps are common, especially in people under 50. “Some lumps are caused by cysts, which are fluid-filled sacs trapped inside the breast tissue,” said Benjamin DiJoseph, D.O., OB/GYN at Inspira Medical Group. “Cysts may feel soft or firm, and some people may develop multiple cysts simultaneously.” Treatment may involve draining the cyst’s fluid with a fine needle or surgery.
Other breast lumps are caused by fibroadenomas, which are non-cancerous tumors made up of glandular and connective breast tissue. They often become tender before and during your menstrual cycle and tend to shrink after menopause. Although breast lumps are usually benign, it’s necessary to get them checked by your doctor.
3. Nipple problems have many causes
Over time, many people will experience periods of change in their nipples, including discharge, irritation, soreness, bleeding, swelling and changing shape. Pregnancy, infection and breast tissue injury can all affect your nipple health. It’s important to talk to your doctor if you have nipple discharge and you’re not pregnant or if you experience discomfort lasting several days.
4. Regular self-exams can lead to early detection
Regular self-examination of your breasts can help increase awareness of any changes to their look and feel. Although most changes detected during a self-exam are benign, some could signify a potentially serious issue.
“The American Cancer Society recommends periodic self-examination to monitor changes in your breasts. These changes can come in the form of tenderness, contour changes, asymmetry, texture changes and finally breast lumps,” said Dr. DiJoseph. “Start a self-exam by looking at your breasts in the mirror for any changes in shape, size or symmetry. Next, use your hands to massage your breast tissue, feeling for any lumps or abnormalities. Notify your doctor if you notice anything out of the ordinary.”
5. Mammograms save lives
A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast that doctors use to look for early signs of breast cancer. Annual mammograms should start at age 40. “Mammograms are the best tool for early breast cancer detection,” said Dr. DiJoseph. “They can detect malignancies up to three years before they’re physically noticeable.”
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